Photo: Han Jae-Ho / Reuters
The expected level of fertility in South Korea this year will fall to a record low, which will lead to economic decline. This is stated in the study commissioned by the Chosun Ilbo.
Experts predict a fall in fertility below the rate of 0.96. This figure corresponds to the birth rate in the wartime situation.
“For Koreans it will be a psychological shock. Likely, this will affect the preferred number of children in the family, but it can lead to an even stronger rate of decline,” — said study co-author Lee Chul-hee (Lee Chul-hee).
South Korea face the challenges in the areas of health and pension systems, says economist. He warns that the threat of attack from its Northern neighbor will be more real, since Seoul is increasingly difficult to form an army.
The fertility rate in the Republic of Korea falls from 1960-ies. After the Korean war in 1953, the country was faced with a baby boom and imposed restrictions on the number of children in the family. The situation is complicated by deeply Patriarchal Korean society, where the woman who gave birth faced discrimination when applying for work.
In 2009 it became known that Seoul has announced a project to increase the population in the country. In the framework of its implementation was planned to start the campaign with negative attitudes towards abortion, strengthened material support of families with children, especially large families, and reduce the age to start schooling. The birth rate in 2009 was 1.2 children for women. For reproduction of the population, you need 2.1 births per woman.
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