Photo: Andrey Arkhipov / RIA Novosti
The Ministry of environment has prepared a report, according to which climate change due to anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases will lead to an increase in the number of natural disasters, epidemics and crop failures in Russia. According to the Ministry’s findings, global warming is threatening the infrastructure. About it reports “Kommersant”.
The document notes that the climate in Russia is changing faster than in other places of the planet, and the average annual temperature has grown by 0.45 degrees Celsius each decade in the period from 1976 to 2017. The reason the Agency calls the industrial emissions around the world, large volumes of which is caused by economic growth and population growth.
The list of consequences of climate change consists of several sections, including “Health”, “Water”, “Crop”, “Natural ecosystems”, “permafrost”, “Technical systems” and others. Indicated particularly vulnerable regions, and the nature of expected damage.
So, in the Central and southern regions of the Russian Federation will see an increase in the number of deaths among older people because of the heat. Forest fires and burning peat will lead to increased levels of air pollution, which in combination with high temperatures will cause the spread of respiratory diseases (asthma, pneumonia, tuberculosis). In addition, the Russians will be more likely to suffer from acute intestinal diseases, parasites, dangerous infections (anthrax, encephalitis, malaria).
Is expected to reduce annual flow in lowland rivers in the European part of Russia and southern Siberia, which will reduce water availability for the population. Droughts will become more frequent and widespread that blow to agricultural production. A large spread will get pests in forest ecosystems, such as Gypsy moth. In General, expect a serious decline in forest resources due to increased frequency of fires and the area growth of the fire.
Also serious are the consequences of thawing permafrost. Disrupted the normal operation of all types of infrastructure, including roads, pipelines, buildings and engineering structures, including those related to extractive industries. In this regard, the potential of environmental pollution with oil products, toxic and even radioactive substances.
Although the report refers to possible measures to prevent the effects of climate change, the problem cannot be solved without a global shift to renewable energy sources (RES). According to Rosstat, in Russia, in 2017 the share of electricity generated by renewable accounted for only 0.23 per cent.
Video, photo All from Russia.