Photo: Toby Talbot / AP
Archaeologists at Stanford University (USA) came to the conclusion that the emergence of the practice of brewing preceded the production of cultivated cereals and has become one of the reasons for the development of agriculture and ancient civilizations. About it reported in a press release on Phys.org.
The researchers analyzed the organic residue in a stone mortar, found in the cave Rakefet in the North-West of Israel. Here was found ancient artifacts belong to naturistas culture that existed on the territory of the Levant in the Mesolithic period (middle stone age), about 12 500-9500 years BC. It turned out that naturity, who were hunter-gatherers, were able to brew beer and used it as a ritual drink to honor the dead.
The mortar contained traces of starch and vitality microscopic fossilized remains of plants. This pointed to the fact that netoffice used wheat and barley as ingredients for brewing. The process was three fold. First, the grains were processed into malt by germinating seeds in water and subsequent drying. Then the malt was ground up, heated, and finally subjected to fermentation.
According to scientists, brewing beer has become a cause for the development of agriculture in the region, as naturity began to actively cultivate cereals. In turn, the rituals with the use of alcohol played a role of a mechanism of social regulation in ancient hierarchical societies.
Video, photo All from Russia.