Leon Ledermantel: Reidar Hahn / AP
American physicist Leon Lederman, who received the Nobel prize for the discovery of the muon neutrino (together with colleagues), died in the city of Rexburg, Idaho. The scientist was 96 years old. Cause of his death is not yet known, reports The New York Times.
Lederman was awarded the prestigious award in 1988, along with Melvin Schwartz and Jack Steinberger. The muon neutrino was experimentally discovered in 1962, and the hypothesis of the existence of particles appeared in the 1940s.
The physicist also known as the author of the phrase “God particle”, which he called the Higgs boson in his book “the God Particle: if the universe is the answer, then what is the question?”. Ironic, the term was often used in the media, though scientists have repeatedly criticized it.
Lederman was born in new York in a family of Jewish immigrants from the USSR (Kiev and Odessa). There he graduated from city College, then went to war. He then studied at Columbia University, defended the dissertation. In the 1978-1989 years led National accelerator laboratory named Enrico Fermi, then moved to teach at the University of Chicago. Scientist discovered the neutral kaon, antineutron, Upsilon-meson, muonium, studied the production of lepton pairs in hadron collisions.
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