Image: Yu Shuang / eurekalert.org
Scientists at the Institute of atmospheric physics (China) found that heat waves, which in the future will occur more often because of global warming, will lead to a reduction in the health of the population worldwide. The most affected regions were Central Asia and Northern Europe. About it reported in a press release on EurekAlert!.
The researchers conducted a survey among 4363 respondents to determine how decreased productivity during a heat wave in 2016. It turned out that heat waves resulted in the loss of 6.6 working days per year in developing countries and in developed countries — 3.5 days per year. The decrease in productivity inversely correlated with GDP per capita.
In addition, scientists have calculated as the increase in the average temperature of the Earth’s atmosphere will affect the number of lost labor days. When the temperature increases to 1.5, 2, 3 and four degrees Celsius, developed countries will lose 9, 12, 22 and 33 days, respectively, and developing — 19, 31, 61 and 94 days, respectively. The decrease in labor productivity in the countries of South-East Asia for a warming of 1.5 degrees will be the same as in developed countries for a warming of four degrees Celsius.
According to the Paris agreement of 2015, the global average temperature increases must be limited to the value of 1.5 degrees Celsius to avoid catastrophic climate change scenarios. It was reported that an international group of scientists from Austria, France, great Britain, Germany and Switzerland came to the conclusion that the melting of permafrost and associated carbon emissions will inevitably lead to exceeding the permissible temperature rise.
Video, photo All from Russia.