Photo: Oleg Karsaev / “Kommersant”
Within the unique for Murmansk oblast project on energy efficiency the southern part of the region (Kandalaksha district) will be heated by waste, according to “Rossiyskaya Gazeta”.
Burning solid waste to heat homes, the regional authorities plan to reduce the consumption of fuel oil, which is now used in the Arctic for heating. “Project of the development strategy of Murmansk region till 2025 we have all the garbage in the Kandalaksha area to burn instead of fuel oil,” — said Vice-Governor of Murmansk region Evgeny Nikora at the round table discussion on waste management.
The official noted that for the realization is necessary first of all to teach people to separate garbage collection. Regional authorities hope to receive support from the Federal budget through the program of support of projects for power generation through waste.
According to nicora, technology for processing waste into energy has long existed, for example, through low-temperature pyrolysis, when the waste is heated to 900 degrees without oxygen in a special shaft. This treatment of the debris out of pyrolytic gases, which can be used as a fuel similar to diesel fuel, but also incapable of burning of pyrolytic oil and bicarbon (hard coal). Pyrolysis residues do not contain aggressive substances, so they can be stored underground.
The publication notes that the entire South region produces about 130 thousand tons of solid waste, one can obtain 70 thousand tons of fuel and thereby close the largest in the South polar region boiler-house in Kandalaksha.
Video, photo All from Russia.