Photo: Israel Hershkovitz Tel Aviv University
An international group of researchers proved that the age of the human remains found in Israeli cave in 2007, reaching almost 200 thousand years. This makes them the oldest Homo sapiens bones of those that were found outside the African continent. The discovery could lead to reconsider the hypothesis that the spread of man from Africa did not start before 100 thousand years ago. This publication reports Science Alert. Article scientists published in the journal Science.
The remains presented a skull fragment and part of the upper jaw with teeth. They were in a layer of sedimentary rock in the cave Milia on the slope of mount Carmel. There were also found animal bones, and artifacts made of silicon. Preliminary analysis showed that the age of human remains reaches 100-160 thousand years.
According to modern paleoanthropology data, modern man appeared in Africa in the period 200-400 thousand years ago. The results of the study of the human genome showed that mitochondrial genes present in modern humans inherited from one woman — mitochondrial eve — who lived in Africa 200 thousand years ago. She was not the only ancestor of the people, because a certain amount of nuclear DNA is inherited from the other women, who lived about the same time. It was thought that humans began to spread to other continents about 100 million years ago.
A new analysis of bones from the cave Milia showed that the age of the remains from Israel almost comparable with the age of the mitochondrial eve. This means that the migration from Africa began much earlier than believed paleoanthropologists. People today already be mixed with representatives of the archaic groups of the genus Homo (Neanderthals, Denisovsky man). According to scientists, some anatomical features have been found fragments characteristic of Neanderthals.
Video, photo All from Russia.