Photo: Ilya Pitalev / RIA Novosti
Experts of the Russian Academy prepared an analytical report on the necessity of raising the retirement age. They predict that the lack of changes in the pension system will lead to a drop the size of real pensions, increasing the tax burden on working people and a business, as well as the burden on the Federal budget. On Friday, February 9, according to RBC.
The main reason for the need to raise the retirement age, the report called demographic collapse: Russia will face a record decline in the working age population — 4 million from 2017 to 2030. To 2036-mu one working Russian will be financially responsible for yourself, your family and additionally one of a pensioner, and in the future — more than one. Another reason for the decline in real pensions in the future is the size of the shadow economy, where do not go away the contributions to the pension system, consider in Ranepa.
At the moment the retirement age in Russia is one of the lowest in the world (60 years for men and 55 for women). The experts of the Russian Academy of national economy amounted to four scenarios improve it and offer to stop at the, in their opinion, best: up to 63 years for men and 60 years for women. Moreover, the increase will be phased to the age of retirement for the year will add three months or six months, thus to raise the retirement age for men will be able for 8 years, and for women in 12.
However, the increase, which experts call the inevitable, carries additional risks, the main of which Ranepa called poverty. The majority of elderly Russians continue to work on reaching pension age, the pension for them is an additional source of income. Raising the retirement age may lead to increased poverty, as a significant layer of the population remains without this additional income.
About the inevitability of raising the retirement age earlier said the former Minister of Finance, head of Center for strategic development Alexey Kudrin. According to him, the current system simply cannot provide a dignified old age pensioners, so the age needs to be raised.
Video, photo All from Russia.