Photo: Alex Maligawa / RIA Novosti
In Russia the workers devote little time to the education of children — these concerns are almost entirely on mothers, the study says HSE, is devoted to modern understanding of fatherhood from different social strata.
In the course of the study was carried out in-depth interviews with workers and their wives in Moscow and small towns of Vladimir and Vologda region (interviews with fathers, mothers and couples), whose average age was 30 years.
The outcome of these interviews identified three models of fatherhood: absent/ infantilizing father; situational father/ a good provider; involved father. The first two models are more common, said study author Alexander Lipatova: the vast majority of surveyed families considered that a man — especially a breadwinner and protector, and upbringing of children and the house must deal with a woman, so men don’t talk to children, not give them emotional warmth, and scarcely involved in their daily lives.
“In traditional gender ideology, in which there are these families, fatherhood is optional, and motherhood is mandatory”, — noted in the study. Indicates that in these families practiced the archaic methods of education — men can break the stress and aggression in children and wife.
Also, the majority of respondents supported the idea of career self-realization of women. It is believed that “for a woman — after all, comfort and upbringing of children”, but in reality many women have to work “double shifts” to provide for the family.
This situation can be explained by the preservation of community lifestyles in small towns: the density of social ties and “collective” way of thinking, explains the study, many residents are descendants of members of the peasant community, so the distribution of family duties reminiscent of “traditional gender contract” in rural Soviet Russia.
Video, photo All from Russia.