Photo: Carlos Barria / Reuters
In the most populous country in the world — China, the government urged citizens to have a second child for the financial bonus. It is reported by China.org.cn.
In addition to the 98-day maternity leave provided for by law, the regional governments are ordered to give mothers maternity leave, for child 138 or 158 days. They will also be paid cash compensation, but its size is not specified. Fathers now also put a vacation for 15-30 days.
In addition, the government will give to families who had a second child, extra payments and access to additional health services.
For example, in the city of Shihezi in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous region to mothers of second children entitled to compensation in the amount of up to one thousand yuan. Families will also provide baby formula milk for three years after the birth of the child.
Such measures are accepted in connection with the fact that the majority of the citizens decided not to have children after the abolition in 2016 the policy of “One family — one child”. This is due to the large Chinese expenditure on education: to provide the person with everything necessary to 22 years old, the family needs to spend an average of at least 740-960 thousand yuan (109-140 thousand dollars). While the average monthly income of Chinese people is about eight thousand yuan, wrote Wemedia.ifeng.com.
China is the most populous country in the world. In 2017 there were about 1.4 billion people. The campaign for birth control “One family — one child” was carried out in China since 1979. Its goal included the limitation of population by the year 2000, the level of 1,2 billion people. The task was essentially completed: November 1, 2000, this level was exceeded 42,5 million citizens.
However, the desire of the Chinese necessarily give birth to a boy led to a gender imbalance: at this time men in the country is 20 million more than women. By 2020 the gap will reach 24 million people. The authorities are trying by various measures to encourage the birth of girls, but the traditions to overcome is not yet possible.
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