Photo: Matthew Sanger / Binghamton University – State University of New York
Archaeologists state University of new York at Binghamton (USA) found during excavations in the state of Georgia human remains and copper bracelet, which reaches the age of 3.5 thousand years. This indicates that the extraction and use of copper in this region occurred a thousand years earlier than scientists believed. In addition, we obtained evidence that native North Americans had developed a trading network. About it reported in a press release on Phys.org.
The artifact was found along with the cremated remains of seven people. These findings, whose age is estimated at 3-8 thousand years, are rare in the South-Eastern United States. An ancient Park, where the digging was taking place, was used for housing and also for ritual ceremonies and celebrations.
Using mass spectrometry the researchers found that the copper bracelet manufactured in the Great lakes region, at a distance of more than 1500 kilometers from the Parking lot. Thus, the area of copper from this source was almost a thousand miles wider than previously thought. This indicates an extensive trade network covering at least half of the continent.
This view is confirmed by the fact that cremation was widely practiced in the North and in the South-East was almost non-existent. Native Americans bartered not only objects, but also information and cultural traditions. This presupposes stable relations of different communities, which presumably controlled by a complex social institutions, and religious or ritual.
Video, photo All from Russia.