Photo: Uriel Sinai / Getty Images
NASA confirmed the accuracy of recent data indicating rapid global warming. About it reported in a press release on EurekAlert!.
From 2003 through 2017, the researchers measured the temperature of the air layer near the surface of the sea, land and ice cover with satellites Aqua, on Board of which is the atmospheric infrared probe AIRS (Atmospheric Infrared Sounder). The measures are then compared with the results of the analysis of surface temperature anomalies, conducted by the space research Institute of the name Goddard.
It turned out that both sets of data correspond to each other. According to the results, the temperature of the earth’s surface has increased worldwide over the past 15 years, and the warmest in the entire history of instrumental observations in ascending order of steel 2016, 2017 and 2015.
According to scientists, satellite monitoring is confirmed by the data of ground stations, which could give inaccurate information due to displacement, systematic errors in instruments and measurement methods, as well as due to growth of heat Islands. In addition, the new results show that the surface observations may underestimate the speed of the temperature changes in the Arctic.
According to calculations of scientists, if not taken any measures to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases by the end of the century the temperature of the water in the upper layer with a thickness of two thousand feet will increase by 0.78 degrees Celsius. It will raise the sea level due to thermal expansion for an additional 30 centimeters in addition to the rise of the coastline due to the melting of glaciers. Rising temperatures will trigger more intense storms, hurricanes and extreme rainfall events.
Video, photo All from Russia.