Photo: Frans Lanting / KA2-003 / Globallookpress.com
An international group of scientists from Russia and the United States found that by the end of the XXI century due to global warming, a significant proportion of the Asian part of Russia will be habitable for large numbers of people, including climate refugees. About it reported in a press release on EurekAlert!.
The researchers considered two climate change scenarios — RCP 2.6 moderate and more extreme RCP 8.5. In addition, they assessed the impact of the January and July temperatures and annual precipitation on three indicators: ecological potential of landscapes, the harshness of winter and permafrost.
It turned out that in Siberia, the average temperature in midwinter will increase by 3.4-9.1 degrees Celsius, and in the middle of summer — at 1.9-5.7 degree Celsius. Precipitation will increase at 60-140 mm. In accordance with the RCP 8.5, by 2080, the area of permafrost will decrease from 65 percent to 40 percent. Even under RCP 2.6 scenario, the ecological potential of the landscape will improve by more than 15 percent.
Ecological potential of landscape is called the index, which characterizes its ability to maintain all the conditions necessary for human life.
According to some climatologists, climate change will lead to a significant increase of climate refugees who will move from regions affected by drought and other natural disasters. The number of displaced people could reach a billion, as people begin to leave India and China, which will exacerbate the socio-political situation in the world. As a result, this may lead to the end of human civilization in its present form.
Video, photo All from Russia.