Yuri Chicagoto: Grigory Sysoev / RIA Novosti
Russian Prosecutor General Yury Chaika suggested to return to the Soviet experience, when the decision to arrest was made by the prosecutors, and not judges, as it is now. The initiative was voiced at the St. Petersburg international economic forum (SPIEF) in the discussion of the protection of investors. It is reported by family-owned Demyan Kudryavtsev, the newspaper “Vedomosti”.
The participants called on the Prosecutor to actively object to the investigating authorities in dealing with the issue of election of a measure of restraint businessmen, and Seagull said in response about the need for drastic expansion of the powers of prosecutors.
In his opinion, the point of the amendment to the law does not solve the problem of arrests for crimes in the sphere of entrepreneurial activities, so you need to return to the model that existed in the Soviet Union. Then the Prosecutor took the decision to arrest the accused, and his actions were appealed against in court, reminded the Seagull, stating that the court “engage in the process”, when it considered the case on the merits.
June 6, participating in SPIEF, the head of the accounts chamber Alexey Kudrin and the Minister of Finance Anton Siluanov said that the Russian judicial and law enforcement system needs to be reformed to provide opportunities for economic growth in the country.
Kudrin pointed out that more than half of Russian businessmen do not trust the courts, and two-thirds do not think they are independent and objective, that indicates weakness of Russian institutions, the rule of law.
Also the head of the audit chamber cited data on the doubling of capital outflow from Russia over the criminal prosecution of the founder of the investment Fund Baring Vostok Michael Calvey, who is accused of fraud and placed under house arrest.
Siluanov said that the Russian authorities should work to improve the quality of protection of the rights of entrepreneurs.
In 2016, the Plenum of the Supreme court of Russia issued a decree establishing a direct ban on arrests of businessmen accused of economic crimes. However, the Russian courts continue to arrest business representatives, agreeing with the arguments of the investigating authorities. They often initiate criminal cases against employers under article 159 of the criminal code (“Fraud”), which is not classified as economic crimes. It is considered a crime against property.
In 2018, a record number of convicted for economic crimes — 7.7 thousand people.
Video, photo All from Russia.