Scientists at the Ohio state University in the US found that nine thousand years ago the inhabitants of the farming communities has been Huyuk in Anatolia were the first people who experienced the dangers of city life. The population suffered displacement, infectious diseases, violence and problems associated with the environment. This could be one of the reasons for its decline in the sixth Millennium BC reported in a press release on EurekAlert!.
The researchers analyzed for the isotope ratios in human remains to determine the diet of the inhabitants of çatalhöyük, which. It turned out that at the founding of a settlements around 7100 BC people were engaged in agriculture and animal husbandry, however, the growth of the population, they increased production. Changes in the cross section of leg bones show that they went much longer, that is, spent more time grazing. Also, many people have developed tooth decay because of the grain diet.
One third of the remains of the early period have been found traces of infections, and the excavations showed signs of feces on the walls and floor of houses. According to scientists, the residents were forced to put up with high population density. In the immediate vicinity of their homes were trash pits and paddocks for animals. Thus, people lived in unsanitary conditions, which also contributed to the high level of violence.
On 3 June it was reported that scientists at Cambridge University have found traces of ancient intestinal parasitic infection in the settlement of Catal-hüyük. The coprolites were present vlasoglav eggs of round worms that infect the intestine, feeding on blood.
Video, photo All from Russia.