Photo: Andrey Shapran / RIA Novosti
Global warming, especially in the Arctic affect the state of the Northern sea route for exploration and mining and is directly related to the economy, however, Russia lacks equipment and measures for the study of the geophysical processes. About this “news” says head of the laboratory of geophysical research of the Arctic and continental margins of the World ocean Moscow Institute of physics and technology (MIPT), a specialist in the field of marine Geophysics and geodynamics, member-correspondent of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) Leopold Lobkovsky.
“Now there is a problem with the purchase of equipment for research — much is made overseas. Personally, we are confronted with it when they can’t get the equipment and software for seismic exploration, Geophysics and ocean exploration,” — said the scientist.
Head of the laboratory notes that “you can always negotiate with someone about renting barter” and “there is an option to bring the equipment from countries that have not introduced sanctions against Russia, such as China, Singapore and so on,” but “we ourselves also need to create”.
According to the academician, “we need to try to focus on the development of the unique things that it is not necessary to scale and mass produce or create products for international customers” because “the Russian market of such equipment is small — about two percent of the world”.
In April, the President of RAS Alexander Sergeev said that the melting of the permafrost accompanied by the release into the atmosphere of methane due to global warming threatens catastrophic consequences for the Russian Arctic.
In July 2017, scientists from the forest Institute named after Vladimir Sukachev (Krasnoyarsk), Siberian branch of the RAS told that global warming will make the climate of Siberia suitable for heat-loving crops, in particular fruit, watermelon, berries, corn and some varieties of grapes, but in the second half of the XXI century, due to the settlement of Siberia deciduous forests, will provoke the onset of large-scale fires.
In September 2012, Russian deep nuclear station AC-31 “Losharik” the expedition “Sevmorgeo” took samples of marine sediments from a depth of over two kilometers, which formed the basis of the evidence of the affiliation Lomonosov and Mendeleev ridges to the Russian continental shelf reserves of hydrocarbons which are estimated at five billion tons of fuel equivalent (about 12 percent of world oil reserves).
On the Arctic possessions of Russia accounts for about 18 percent (three million square kilometers) occupied by the country square. In the permafrost zone, more than 60 percent of the territory of the state. The area occupied by permafrost in Russia may shrink by the middle of XXI century, 20-25 percent, and by the end of the XXI century — by 31-56 percent.
Video, photo All from Russia.