Photo: Alexey Sukhorukov / RIA Novosti
By 2030, Russia could lose about 15 per cent of the workforce. This is evidenced by the report of the International monetary Fund (IMF) demography of the countries of Central, Eastern and South-Eastern Europe. By 2050 the number of working-age population may shrink by about 25 percent.
For the next 30 years, Russia’s population could shrink by almost 10 percent, concluded the analysts, it is connected with low life expectancy. At the moment the average for the countries of the region under study (it included Ukraine, Slovakia, Poland, Moldova and others) accounted for nearly 80 years, Russia could not hold on to it and to 2050-mu. Now the life expectancy is approximately 72.9 years.
Overall, the situation in the labour force was similar to the one that the IMF forecasts for Ukraine. To minimize the likely loss of a third of the working population of the country has recommended to raise the retirement age and increase the number of employed men over 55 and women older than 35 years.
In early July, Deputy Prime Minister Tatiana Golikova announced a catastrophic loss of population. According to her, over the past four months, the natural population decline was approximately 149 thousand people. Earlier, the UN predicted a population decline of Russia to 2078 in the third — to 100 million people. In the case of positive developments, the number of Russians will increase to 160 million by the end of the century. The proportion of young people will decrease.
In March analysts at FinExpertiza came to the conclusion that the Russian labor market at the present time nearly one million professionals. Most acutely the situation with labor resources observed in Moscow, where at the beginning of 2019 lacked 148,2 thousand specialists, on the second place Moscow oblast — 65,8 thousands, rounded out the top three is St. Petersburg, where lack of 61.4 thousand specialists.
Video, photo All from Russia.