Dying coral Riffat: Randy Bergmann / AP
Australian researchers assessed the effects of global warming and stated that due to the increase in temperature affected more than 45 per cent of plants in coastal waters. A study published in the journal Frontiers in Marine Science.
The specialists compared the data for the period from 2011 to 2017, when the temperature began to rise water. So, in 2011 the water temperature was higher than average by 2-4 degrees, which has already led to coral bleaching along the thousands of miles of coastline and destruction of hundreds of kilometers of forest algae. Most likely this was the cause of the surge of deaths of turtles and dugong. In 2013, there are no extensive coral bleaching off the coast of Pilbara in North West Australia.
The most extensive coral bleaching began in 2016 — and then suffered more than a thousand kilometers of the Great barrier reef, but because of drought, heat and anomalous low water levels have affected the mangroves in Australia. The following year, the Great barrier reef continued to fade, but not only the Northern part but also in the South.
According to scientists, the current state of the plant directly affects the entire ecosystem of the region and leads to the death of their inhabitants: marine invertebrates, fish, turtles and marine mammals. According to their estimates, the recovery of populations may take about 15 years, and in the case of sharks and other large species — up to 60 years.
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