Photo: Dan Kitwood / Getty Images / Cancer Research UK
Scientists at Imperial College London created the first artificial cell, is able to perceive environmental factors and to highlight chemicals in response to stimuli. About it reported in a press release on Phys.org.
Artificial cell consisted of mebrane with pores through which permeate calcium ions. Inside it contained the vesicles with enzymes, which are activated by calcium. Enzymes in turn contributed to the release of the fluorescent particles. According to scientists, they managed to create a simple metabolic pathway, because it does not create the mechanisms for the purification from side products of living cells would represent a danger.
The researchers believe that such design can be applied in biotechnology and medicine. Artificial cell suitable for the recognition of biological markers of cancer and synthesis of medicinal substances in the body. In addition, cells can detect heavy metals in the environment and produce substances binding and neutralizing pollutants.
Video, photo All from Russia.