Photo: Siegfried Modola / Reuters
A group of French scientists from the University of Paris-Sud proved the impossibility of the existence of any bacteria in the volcano Dallol in Ethiopia. The study is published in the journal Nature Ecology & Evolution.
Experts note that the presence of water on the planet’s surface, usually used as a criterion for determining the possible habitability. However, the study revealed that “even the Earth is barren of all life space despite the presence of water.” According to scientists, the reason is that water in the area of the valley is a hot (109 degrees Celsius), extremely saline with a predominance of magnesium. Such a composition water causes living cells to break down.
The specialists have found a life far from the valley is made up of mostly single-celled archaea.
Previously volcanic area with salt formations and acidic springs of Dallol included in the list of the hottest places in the world. It is believed that it has the highest average temperature among all the inhabited places on the planet. In addition, the ranking was the Libyan city of El Azizia, where in the summer months the temperature rises to 48 degrees Celsius, the Sudanese city of Wadi Halfa, in which almost no precipitation, and also Death Valley in California, USA, where it was registered the highest temperature.
Video, photo All from Russia.