The prisoners of Auschwitz before the liberation of the camp by Soviet Army in January 1945, godatta: B. Fishman / RIA Novosti
FSB declassified documents on the liberation of Auschwitz by the Soviet army. The opening of archives was timed to the day of memory of victims of the Holocaust, reports REN TV.
In the archival documents contain information about prisoners of the concentration camp and its guards. Among the guards of the camps discovered by the Polish citizens. According to the interview, beatings and bullying have been systematic. Warden Alfred Skrzypek said that in 1943 in Auschwitz began to build the fourth crematorium, the existing three “did not have time to spend strangulation victims.”
From the testimony of Elizabeth Hasse, at the camp practiced the punishment “sport”, when prisoners were forced to run several hours on Sunday with the load. Prisoner camps Evgeny Kovalev said he believes the poles more brutal than the Germans. Warden Willie Steinborn admitted that he personally shot two of the prisoners, and one of them, as he was a pole by nationality.
The Auschwitz complex of concentration camps, located in 1940-1945 years near the Polish city of the same name. On their territory, according to various estimates, killed from one to four million people. Auschwitz was liberated by Soviet troops on 27 January 1945, this day is celebrated as the international day of remembrance of the victims of the Holocaust.
On January 17, the Russian defense Ministry has declassified documents about the liberation of Warsaw from Nazi invaders. The archives contain transcripts of the talks of the generals on the fighting in Warsaw, protocols, surveys, photos, and premium materials.
Video, photo All from Russia.